When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son," and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.
The Feast of Our Lady of Sorrows gained extreme popularity during the late 12th century, although some writings show that it was already being celebrated by Benedictine monks in the eleventh century. In 1482, the Roman Missal officially included a feast under the title "Our Lady of Compassion" and in 1668 a feast in honor of the Seven Dolors was set for the first Sunday after September 14th (The Feast of the Cross). Pope Pius moved that date to September 15th to immediately follow it in 1913. The General Roman Calendar removed the first feast as a duplicate in 1969, but under Summorum Pontificum the 1962 Roman Missal is authorized which contains the feast on the Friday during the fifth week of Lent.
The Seven Sorrows of Mary:
The prophecy of Simeon
The Flight into Egypt
the loss of the Child Jesus in the Temple (at Jerusalem)
Mary's meeting Jesus on the Via Dolorosa
Crucifixion of Jesus on Mount Calvary
The piercing of the side of Jesus
The burial of Jesus by Joseph of Arimathea
Luke 2:65 : "Yea, a sword shall pierce through thy own soul also"
John 19:26-27 : When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to her, “Woman, here is your son,” and to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” From that time on, this disciple took her into his home.